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exotic pet trade facts

How does the exotic pet trade harm the environment? Best practice for wild animal welfare emphasises ‘a life worth living’, which means the opportunity for positive experiences not just freedom from negative experiences. PNAS, 106: 9971-9978. Birds, specifically have the unique ability to fly away, only to die in temperate climates once the outdoor temperature drops in the winter. Registered Charity 1081849. In one incident, a tiger mauled his guardian’s 3-year-old grandson. So if you're looking Some animals are still taken from the wild to fill pet shops. They are highly intelligent animals that require constant stimulation. The tigers in the U.S are not helping with conservation since they can never be released into … Fact 3: The most curious fact about exotic pets is a large number of injuries and deaths for both exotic animals and the people who keep such wild animals at their homes. Raising awareness - most people are unaware of the problems associated with the exotic pet trade and the ownership of wild animals as pets. Some animals are still taken from the wild to fill pet shops. Capturing them from the wild, handling them, transporting t… Other organisations have estimated a pet primate population of 4-5,000 kept in the UK[7] and 4,825 licensed Dangerous Wild Animals[8], which is likely to be a significant under-estimate of the actual population. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) the illegal trade of wildlife is a multi-million dollar industry. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. CNBC takes you ... Alligators, lions and bears are just some of the tens of thousands of exotic animals people consider pets. Many species have been impacted from unregulated collection in the past and while their populations might have sustained permanent … World Animal Protection wildlife experts were at the market to research aspects of wildlife trade. The Illegal Pet Trade. Many of the most sought-after wild pets are already threatened. Impulse buying risks people not doing their homework. Large, colorful parrots known as Macaws have caused serious injuries to owners. Evidences suggest that the Sumerians were the first to keep fish in captivity (2500 BC), but it was for food. We are working to reduce the acceptability of exotic pet ownership. Sugar gliders, hedgehogs, pythons – even lions and chimpanzees are kept as pets. Some of this trade is legal, but many times animals are captured from the wild illegally to supply demand for exotic pets. [10] Fundamental Welfare Requirements for Wild Animals under Human Care, Wild Welfare (2014). • Follow all laws regarding the ownership of exotic pets. They are nocturnal, highly vocal and scent mark. There are few reliable figures available. The physiological and psychological well-being of a wild animal is put at risk by captivity. In captivity, lack of exercise and boredom leads to them showing behavioural problems linked to stress, such as feather-plucking and shrieking. Yet, hundreds of thousands of wild animals are suffering right here in the UK, because of the 'exotic pet' trade. Horror on the ice. 2020. Rehoming can cause them great emotional trauma. Unfortunately, many consumers remain unaware of the origins of exotic pets, how the exotic pet trade affects wild populations, and how to care for exotic pets. Selective breeding for atypical colour and pattern variations has been found to cause genetic disorders, most notably ‘wobble syndrome’ - a condition affecting the nervous system of some ball pythons bred for the so-called 'spider morph' skin pattern. The exotic animal pet trade has become extremely popular in today’s age. 3. The general public does not have the knowledge, expertise, or resources to meet the complex needs of a wild animal in captivity. Changing behaviour –buyers often purchase an exotic pet without proper research into the reality of ownership. Wild animals are not suitable to be kept as pets. HSI Exploited and endangered . Explore celebrity trends and tips on fashion, style, beauty, diets, health, relationships and more. 25 An outbreak of END in Florida resulted in … From a toddler's confrontation with a python to a bear named Teddy that was not a toy, these dark animal captivity stories should deter some from keeping an exotic animal as a pet. Often kept in enclosures too small to fully stretch out and without adequate environmental enrichment. Depending on the species, exotic pet ownership can entail a great many risks. There is a mass market for so-called ‘beginner reptiles’; approximately 70% of reptiles owned in the UK belong to just six species: bearded dragon; crested gecko; leopard gecko; corn snake; royal python; and Hermann’s tortoise[6]. There are over 500 species of reptiles and 500 species of birds traded live across the world, presumably destined for people’s homes or private zoos. In practice, this means providing: housing that allows them to exercise normally, provides stimulation, with sufficient space and environmental choice for security, complexity, challenge and novelty; nutrition tailored to an individual’s species, age, size and health; carers who are trained and competent in observing signs of good animal health and welfare; and the encouragement of natural behaviours[10]. Whilst the demand remains, supply will rush to meet it. • Never release exotic species into the wild. Sold through auctions, backyard breeders, & the illegal online sales. Captive ball pythons often exhibit captivity stress as a result. They are highly social and live in groups of up to 12 individuals with a dominant male. We believe that credible, sound science must be the backbone of our efforts to move people to act for to improve the lives of millions of animals around the world. Natural threats to this species are predation and flooding, but humans have drastically reduced their numbers through loss of habitat and collection for food and for the exotic pet trade. For information on how we use your details, and how we keep your details safe, please read our privacy policy. For example, breeding birds in the Florida Everglades have been in decline since non-native pythons were released into the wild by irresponsible owners. As with other parts of the world, exotic pets remain popular in the United States. Using a Freedom of Information request to the Animal and Plant Health Agency, an agency of Defra, researchers found that between 2014 and 2018, more than three million animals were imported into the UK to supply the exotic pet trade, one of the major commercial purposes for … The Facts Why Care? Is it wrong to own an exotic pet? In November 2019, the British Veterinary Association (BVA) cautioned against purchasing reptiles as pets. They are viewed by the pet trade businesses as money making objects. The following is a brief historical review of how some exotic animals gained in popularity. Dog domestication much older than previously thought. Figures for exotic mammals are not included in this data. Ball python’s have highly specific environmental needs related to temperature, humidity and UVB light that are challenging to meet. In captivity, a lack of exercise and boredom can lead to behavioural problems such as overgrooming, fur loss, pacing. Pets like cats and dogs are domesticated. In much of India, Indian star tortoises are important as a food source. There have been dozens of attacks by captive big cats on humans in the past decade. The WWF estimates there are 5,000 tigers being kept in U.S. backyards … there are only around 3,000 left in the wild. In the wild they fly many miles every day. The fi rst and most sensible approach is a total ban on any trade in wild animals as pets. hybrid cats)[9]. The exotic animal trade is dangerous for humans as well. What are some examples of exotic pets kept in the United States? Unfortunately, many consumers remain unaware of the origins of exotic pets, how the exotic pet trade affects wild populations, and how to care for exotic pets. Native to Southeast Asia, pythons were first brought to the United States as exotic pets. 222 Grays Inn Road, London WC1X 8HB, United Kingdom, If you keep one of these species as a pet, you can find more information. Sadly, the exotic pet trade misrepresents how easy it is to provide them proper care; many owners are unaware of the suffering their animals endure. Dogs may have been domesticated as early as 27,000-40,000 years ago[1]. Reptiles are prone to metabolic bone disease due to inadequate diet and UVB light, obesity and anorexia, thermal burns from heat sources, abrasions from rubbing/banging on glass, respiratory disease, dermatoses and shell diseases due to incorrect humidity and hygiene, gastrointestinal impaction due to inappropriate substrate, anorexia and mortality due to poorly-managed hibernation. Even more staggering is the level of suffering wild animals kept as pets endure. 12 Seized Shipments: The Exotic Animal Trade 12:18 PM ET Thu, 28 Feb 2013 From air, land and sea, these 12 examples show the risks smugglers will take in the hunt for large profits. The reasons for this are many. Box 340 Charles Town, WV 25414-0340 | Phone: 1.304.725.0506 | Fax: 1.304.725.1523, The founding of NHES—and 5 very special people, What is Humane Education? Don't Buy Wild! They strongly pair bond with their with owners but can be aggressive to others. Tropical fish, and all the equipment needed to keep them, became affordable enough for many people in the US in the 1940s. Reptiles have no facial expression and minimal ‘body language’ and vocalisation with meaning for humans, so it is difficult for even experienced owners to establish signs of stress, disease or injury. Additional legislation wouldn't even be necessary to deter the average exotic pet owner from purchasing poached … (2018), Fundamental Welfare Requirements for Wild Animals under Human Care, Wild Welfare (2014), Why vets won’t be watching I’m a celebrity – press release, BVA (2019), Suffering in silence - Uncovering the cruelty of the global trade in Ball pythons. Historically, trade in exotic pets has been known to drive the destruction and extinction of animals in the wild. As said before, the wild populations of some exotic pets are severely affected by the pet trade. Even small reptiles, such as turtles can transmit dangerous salmonella bacteria just by touch. Others are captured directly from the wild. Read the following FAQs to learn more about the exotic pet trade. The trade in and keeping of exotic pets has been frequently criticized for the commonly inhumane and harmful practices that are associated with supply and keeping, including animal welfare, species conservation, invasiveness, and public health and safety. Meet Our Educators, The Humane Education and Advocacy Program, Activities For Children At The NHES Campus. • If you choose an exotic pet, always adopt from a reputable rescue. Wild animals kept in captivity retain their complex social, physical and behavioural needs, which are adapted to its specific natural habitat. Most people buy exotic pets because they love animals – but any wild animal in the exotic pet trade experiences suffering. Outright bans are proven eff ective measures. However, many use the term to include native species as well (e.g., snakes may sometimes be considered exotic as pets even in places where they are found in the wild). How Can I Help Exotic Animals in the Wild And in Captivity? The majority die in transit from the wild to the auction block or from auction to their new homes in zoos, with private collectors, exhibitors, pet owners, and pet stores. A child walks past cages of exotic birds and poultry in a pet store in Paris, France, in 2005. The exotic pet trade is an international enterprise that is responsible for despicable, unimaginable, and unforgivable pain, suffering and death. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). According to the US Humane Society, all reptiles and amphibians carry salmonella, and more than 74,000 cases of salmonella poisoning are linked to these pets each year in the US alone. Below are links to many of the peer-reviewed research that underpins our work to end the trade in ball pythons as pets: World Animal Protection. The Egyptians and Romans were likely the first groups to keep fish as something more than just a food source. [2] Driscoll, CA, Macdonald, DW & O’Brien, SJ (2009). Behind the Scenes of the Exotic Pet Trade; The Development Through Past and Future ; The People Behind The Trade; Our Action; Sad Facts; Quiz; About Us :) Sources; Sad Facts Here are a lot of facts.You maybe should get out your tissues this will make you cry.... Did you know thaaere are 5000-7000 more tigers kept as pets than in the wild. Though genetically the same as their wild brethren, some exotic pets are bred in captivity for retail sale. There is comprehensive veterinary literature on the health problems experienced by exotic pets associated with poor care, examples include: There is growing concern with the poor welfare of exotic pets in the UK. The gazelle was another popular pet one would consider exotic in the present day but, to the Egyptians, was quite common. Back in species’ native country, the exotic pet trade drives biodiversity loss in complex ways. Among the most dangerous exotic pets include apes, including chimpanzees. Today, exotic pets are even bigger business and are a main driver of the trade of live animals. A domesticated species is one that has undergone a process of genetic alteration over thousands of years through generations of selective breeding by people, to accentuate particular desired traits. For one, many owners do not have the knowledge or financial ability to adequately replicate a wild animal’s habitat within their own homes. Help us tackle it. Dog domestication much older than previously thought, Information Could Reduce Consumer Demand for Exotic Pets, Dangerous wild animals: who lives next door? Read here for our advice on the steps you should take to do so. Can we stay in touch? Campaigning for change – we will engage with local and national government to ensure laws regulating the exotic pet trade are properly enforced and strengthened. Most of these animals are birds and reptiles, which often are more accepted than exotic mammals. • If you choose an exotic pet, ensure take all precautions to ensure the animal cannot harm humans, himself/herself, or other animals. Taking animals from the wild can threaten survival of some species. Exotic pets have long held the interest of humans. The exotic pet trade is a lucrative multi-billion-dollar industry, only 3rd to drug and weapon trafficking in the U.S. Laws vary state by state, as of now there are no federal laws that are regulating private ownership. Isiemkheb (sometimes known as Isi-em-kheb) lived under the reign of the pharaoh Pinedjem II (c. 990-976 BCE) and loved her pet … Humans have owned pets for centuries. When pets become pests: the role of the exotic pet trade in producing invasive vertebrate animals. Examples include feather-plucking in parrots, pacing or overgrooming in mammals, or, in reptiles, the repetitive interaction with transparent boundaries such as the glass walls of tanks. Wild animals bred in captivity are fundamentally similar to those born in the wild, selective breeding of exotic pets has only been done for a limited number of generations and has only altered the superficial appearance of these animals rather than their basic needs. Click on the following buttons to learn more about the truth behind the slow loris pet trade. According to the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), the exotic pet trade is a multi-billion dollar industry, second only to drugs and weapons on the black market. According the U.S. Even when the owner can afford care, that care may be hard to find. However, the Pet Food Manufacturers Association (PFMA) Annual Pet Survey (2018-19) estimated that 300,000 tortoises, 300,000 lizards, 200,000 snakes, 100,000 frogs and toads and 500,000 ‘indoor’ birds (including species considered domesticated) are kept in the UK, compared to 9m dogs and 7.5m cats[5]. Would you like to receive updates, newsletters and occasional fundraising emails? 2017: There are more tigers held in private hands in the US (~7,000), than in the wild (~3,200). They are denied veterinary care, exercise and socialization. We know that most people buy exotic pets because they love animals. Not only are chimpanzees many times stronger than a grown man, they, like other non-human primates, are capable of transmitting serious diseases such as tuberculosis and measles to humans. scarlet macaw, primates) and dangerous wild animals (eg. Exotic pets can also get everyone talking about the different animals in the world. Animals bring joy to our lives, so why wouldn't we want them to be a part of our lives every day at home? The widespread use of the internet has made it easier than ever to order or purchase a wild animal without clarification about where it has come from or how it should be cared for. Exotic pets like monkeys and African rodents often carry viruses like herpes B, monkey pox and rabies, all of which are highly infectious and potentially fatal to humans [9]. Caring for exotics can be challenging and expensive. Read the following FAQs to learn more about the exotic pet trade. If you have the time, resources and compassion to make a home for a critter, reptile, amphibian or exotic animal, adopt rather than supporting the inhumane pet trade industry. Exotic “pets” are wild animals that do not adjust well to a captive environment. All Rights Reserved. Parrots and other exotic birds can transfer potentially deadly pathogens such as psittacosis, salmonella, and even avian tuberculosis to humans. Many exotic pets are vulnerable to poor care. • Never release exotic species into the wild. Most critters, reptiles, amphibians and exotic animals are mass produced by the pet trade...just like puppies from puppy mills. Inadequate diets can lead to obesity and metabolic bone disease. "Exotic" often refers to a species which is not native or indigenous to the owner's locale, and "pet" is a companion animal living with people. P.O. Often, exotic pets are kept as pets outside of their native continent. As non-domesticated animals, exotic pets retain many of their wild instincts, even when born into captivity. exotic pet trade The keeping of wild animals as pets is a growing concern. We will seek to persuade potential buyers to think again and pledge not to buy an exotic pet. Whilst the demand remains, supply will rush to meet it. Today, exotic pets are even bigger business and are a main driver of the trade of live animals. So what about ‘exotic pets’? Not only does the slow loris pet trade cause unimaginable suffering, it is also the biggest threat to the survival of the species, which is in serious danger of extinction. Of course, one of the biggest draws to owning an exotic pet is the fact that they are pretty unique compared to other pets. The difference is that your are proving my point. Wild animals aren’t domesticated, even when bred in captivity. Wildlife trade involves poaching, captive hunting, exotic pets and more. And pet is a companion animal living with people. [11] Toland E, Warwick C, Arena P. The exotic pet trade: pet hate. If you’d prefer not to receive these, would like to stop hearing from us, or change the way we communicate, you can do so at any time by calling 0800 316 9966 or emailing 24 Exotic Newcastle disease (END), which devastated whole flocks of chickens and turkeys in the 1970s, was believed to have been brought to the U.S. from South American parrots who were smuggled in for the pet trade. How many wild animals are caught in the exotic pet trade in the UK? Many animals are captured from their natural habitats and transported to different areas of the world to be sold as exotic pets. Ball pythons may live 20-30 years in captivity and are frequently sold online as unwanted pets or abandoned. Absolutely not. 3. • Follow all laws regarding the ownership of exotic pets. The USA’s Wild Bird Conservation Act (1992), the 2007 European ban on the importation of wild-caught birds for pets, a 1982 CITES ban on wild tortoise If you already own an exotic animal, we encourage you to continue to give your pet the best life possible, for as long as you can. Each spring, the Canadian government authorizes fishermen to club or shoot hundreds of thousands of baby seals for their fur, despite international outcry and bans on the import of seal skins. The unregulated trade in exotic animals poses a threat to animals in the wild, as they are often wild-caught to supplement the gene pool. However, many exotic pets are incapable of returning to their natural habitats as a consequence of spending their formative years in captivity. • Inform your friends and family members about the problems associated with the exotic pet trade. As a result poor care contributed to around 70 per cent of reptile illnesses and caused around 20 per cent of deaths. The illegal wildlife trade also fuels the exotic pet trade. The trade in exotic pets involves both wild-caught and captive-bred animals. 4029540. Species diversity in trade and keeping. No, the practice of keeping wild animals as pets has existed for many thousands of years. What are the risks to humans who own exotic pets? We may use your details for carefully considered purposes and send you occasional postal mailings like our magazine, catalogue and appeals. The exotic pet trade is a lucrative industry renowned for its extreme cruelty and ruthless exploitation of animals kept in the retail or breeding environment. Exotic Animal Trade. Common health problems are linked to poor diet. Inside the Exotic Pet Trade. No wild animal can have its needs entirely met when kept as a pet. Exotics are those without a long history of captivity and are likely to have been sourced directly or within a few generations from wild populations. This means providing good nutrition, environment, health and ability to express natural behaviours and understanding their effect on an animal’s mental state through observing their behaviour. The exotic pet trade undermines valuable conservation efforts in native habitat countries. FEEDBACK: … Egyptian Tortoise), species with particularly high welfare needs (eg. Examples of the devastating effect of the pet trade on wild species include the Barbary macaque and the Clownfish. TRAFFIC, the leading wildlife trade organisation, now recognises social media as the “new epicentre” for the trade in exotic pets. Exotic Pet Trade - National Humane Education Society. Wild animals are targets for poaching, captive hunting, the fur trade, the exotic pet trade and more. Exotic pets and disease . The common exotic pet owner, if exotic pet ownership were to become normal, would not purchase (legally) exotic animals from poachers anyhow. We are working to reduce the acceptability of exotic pet ownership. Dangerous Trade: Exotic Animals 12:00 AM ET Tue, 15 May 2012. • If you choose an exotic pet, always adopt from a reputable rescue. Unfortunately, many consumers remain unaware of the origins of exotic pets, how the exotic pet trade affects wild populations, and how to care for exotic pets. “Exotic pet” describes any wild species kept for human pleasure or companionship. Animals may become aggressive, grow very large, live for a long time or require a licence or paperwork to be legally kept or sold. Millions of animals are forced into the exotic pet trade every year for the purpose of becoming someone's pet or entertaining th… By ‘exotic’ we mean a species that does not have a history of domestication in the UK and which is therefore a wild animal. Examples of the devastating effect of the pet trade on wild … Ornamental fish represent one of the oldest groups of exotic pets. National Humane Education Society. Why is the exotic pet trade singled out when it is far from the only offender, and critics of the exotic pet trade benefit from activities that ALSO contribute to invasive exotic species, including domesticated animal … There are over 500 species of reptiles and 500 species of birds traded live across the world, presumably destined for people’s homes or private zoos. Not all species can be domesticated. Reptile mortality in the first year has been estimated to be as high as 75 per cent[11]. In the UK, ‘wild animals’ is defined in Section 21 of the Zoos Licensing Act 1981 as ‘animals not normally domesticated in Great Britain’[3]. Owners, despite their best efforts, are not equipped to provide wild animals with the care necessary to fulfil all their needs. [5] Pet Food Manufacturers Association (PFMA) Annual Pet Survey (2018-19), [6] Federation of British Herpetologists, Good Practice Guidelines For the Welfare of Privately Kept Reptiles & Amphibians (2015), [8] Born Free, Dangerous wild animals: who lives next door? This can be an excellent conversation starter for many, and soon see you become the talk of the town thanks to your furry friend. Through generations of breeding by humans for thousands of years, they’ve become comfortable in our homes. A sugar glider’s home range is 3.5 – 4.6 hectares; they can glide up to 45 meters between trees. We are urging people to not buy, own or breed a wild animal as a pet. A life in captivity is a world away from a life in the wild. By taking a look at the history behind the exotic pet trade, we can create a better understanding of how all of these exotic animals ended up in basements and backyards and how we can work to stop it. They have the same needs as in the wild, which must be met in captivity by law under the Animal Welfare Act. It is illegal to poach animals, if you were unaware, and any trade of any poached animal carcass or young is also a serious offense. Like dogs and cats, millions of mice, rats, guinea pigs, hamsters, gerbils, reptiles, exotic animals and "pocket" pets are available through humane societies, shelters and rescue groups each year. The exotic pet boom. Exotic Pet Trade Seiten. Exotic pets are essentially animals that are non-native to a region and/or nondomesticated. Big Cat Rescue Take Action Exotic Animal Trade is.... A $19 billion dollar a year business. The 20th-century is when exotic pets further grew in popularity, and millions started being traded across the globe. It's a $15 billion dollar business in the United States alone, with breeders and dealers selling animals over the Internet or in trade magazines. It is a topic of great interest to anthrozoologists, conservation psychologists, conservation biologists, and to many others interested in animal protection, and a number of people have asked me to write more on this topic. Exotic animals can also wreak havoc on the ecosystem when released by their owners into a continent that is not their own. • If you choose an exotic pet, ensure take all precautions to ensure the animal cannot harm humans, himself/herself, or other animals. The few exotic pets that are threatened by the pet trade in modern times are collected and sold in their own country, or countries that are not the U.S. The booming business in exotic pets is known as the exotic pet trade. Sugar gliders are easily disturbed and prolonged stress can make them prone to health problems. The exotic pet trade is an enormous global enterprise (Bush et al. The majority of exotic pets are ... the public from buying exotic animals in an effort to reduce the demand that is currently fueling the illegal wildlife trade. The trade in exotic animals is a multi-billion-dollar-a-year industry. [4] Moorhouse T.P., Balaskas, M., D’Cruze, N., Macdonald, D.W., Information Could Reduce Consumer Demand for Exotic Pets. Second, many exotic pets, such as hedgehogs and sugar gliders, are extremely small and can be easily crushed by furniture, closing doors, rowdy children, etc. Wild animals suffer unnecessarily as a result of wild capture, captive breeding, interactions with humans and captivity because of the limitations these actions place on their natural behaviour.

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