'Discovery' of a whole new class of artworks is akin to the discovery of a whole new class of facts. Summary: Danto thought that the artworld changes as the reality, so do artistic theories. It is the theory that takes it up into the world of art, and - Socrates: reflect; Hamlet: reveal - Socrates focuses his discussion of art on mimesis because at the time artists were engaging in imitation How "is" each box artwork? The artworld (comprised of critics, curators, collectors, dealers, etc.) THE ARTWORLD * Hamlet: Do you see nothing there ? Danto tells us that we cannot "separate Brillo cartons from the gallery they are in, any more than we can separate the Rauschenberg bed from the paint upon it" and that "outside the gallery, they are pasteboard cartons" and "scoured clean of paint, Rauschenberg's bed is a bed, just what it was before it was transformed into art." Danto, Arthur. Importance of art world. HOW OBJECTS BECOME “ART”. In 1964, Danto wrote an article, “The Artworld”, which changed the debate on aesthetics and art forever. The “artworld” is a generic notion that designates a sphere of human activity that involves practices that create goals that have led to the emergence of formal and informal institutions. The Queen: Nothing at all; yet all that is I see. plays a part in which theories are embraced or snubbed. As with many disagreements in attitude, this one has a factual basis. Art was taken as a mirror of nature in tradition, like Socrates (accurate duplications of the appearances of things) and Hamlet (revealing us to ourselves). Andy Warhol's "Brillo Boxes" look just like ordinary ones. What is the difference between an arm rising and my raising it, between what merely happens and what I do? Danto also relies on Hegel’s interpretations of art in The Phenomenology of Spirit and in his Lectures on Aesthetics for philosophical grounding. 61, No. “The Artworld.” Journal of Philosophy 61, no. As Danto surmises, “To see something as art requires something the eye cannot descry — an atmosphere of artistic theory, a knowledge of the history of art: an artworld.” In writing The Artworld, art writer and philosopher, Arthur Danto, laid out a history of how art history had to change its theories of what art was supposed to be in the face of new objects. 19, American Philosophical Association Eastern Division Sixty-First Annual Meeting. Danto thought that the evidence of Socrates’ theory “Art is an imitation” is inadequate (Socrates’ audience… 19 (October 1964): 571-584. Shakespeare: Hamlet, Act III, Scene IV AMLET and Socrates, though in praise and deprecation respectively, spoke of art as a mirror held up to nature. Art, according to Hegel, is a moment of Spirit, together with philosophy and religion. The Artworld Arthur Danto The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. "What in the end makes the difference between a Brillo box and a work of art consisting of a Brillo Box is a certain theory of art. Arthur Danto, "The Artworld" Notes: Danto suggests a picture of change in artistic theory which resembles change of scientific theory. The claim that “the artworld” confers the status of “art” onto objects remains utterly mysterious.
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