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aesthetic knowing in nursing essay

This is not an example of the work produced by our Nursing Essay Writing Service. Implications of the work for development of nursing. It takes all of the other ways of knowing and through it creates new understanding of a phenomenon. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. Patterns of responses are essential components for problem solving. Ways of Knowing in Nursing Nurses have sought to understand the art and science of nursing since the time of Florence Nightingale. Results: The process of knowing encompasses empiric, aesthetic ethic and personal elementsOn the other hand, " knowing the patient‖ acquires two broad dimensions: a) knowing the patient's patterns of responses and b) knowing the patient as a person. This pattern of knowing elevate nurse leaders to the next step, and have actively changed the work place environment, and have positively impacted outcomes for both patients and nurses. Nursing: King (1971, P.125), describes nursing as an observable behavior found in the healthcare system in society. As stated by Jackson (2009), personal knowing encompasses consistency between what one knows and what he/she does. It calls for recognizing and appreciating the unique qualities of individual patients, as well as responding with compassion and understanding to help patients and … (Alligood, 2010). Editorial: Cultivating research and new knowledge in Magnet®-designated organizations amidst a pandemic. Simply asking clients to describe what their illness means is not enough. One needs to reflect on the experience of nursing to enhance the understanding of esthetic knowing. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Carper's four fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing are defined as empirical, ethical, personal and aesthetic (Carper, 1978). Selanders (2010),defines environment as anything that when manipulated, puts the individual in the best possible situation for nature to act. Consider a time when you had an aha moment. According to Marrs & Lowry (2006), Nightingale in the beginning placed emphasis on care of patient and hygiene to foster healing, which provided nursing its mission and focus. ” Aesthetic judgments usually go beyond sensory discrimination. Of these, the aesthetic knowing pattern is least discussed in nursing literature. It is proposed that aesthetic techniques in nursing practice and education bring forth unique patterns of understanding that defy conventional communication and nursing therapeutic techniques. 5. Introduction The aesthetic principle of nursing is respect for life, dignity, and rights of the patient. According to Alligood (2010), caring is the ethical principle by which healing interventions are measured (Watson, 1999). Esthetics: Carper (1978), defines the esthetic knowing as the art of nursing. This idea stemmed from her empirical observation that a poor and challenging environment contributed to poor health and disease (Selanders, 2010). What Is Personal Knowing in Nursing?. Other studies closely related to environmental alteration have been completed in practice settings including labor and delivery, and in the treatment of sleep disorder by advanced practice nurses (Parker, 2010). In order to provide an alternative conceptualization of aesthetics in nursing, the main tenants of Carper's discussion of aesthetic knowing will be revisited, and the foundations for her arguments will be examined. The new featured article from the current ANS issue is titled “Reorienting Esthetic Knowing as an Appropriate “Object” of Scientific Inquiry to Advance Understanding of a Critical Pattern of Nursing Knowledge in Practice” by Miriam Bender, PhD, RN and Dina Elias, MSN, RN, CCSN. Corresponding Author. Get Your Custom Essay on Community Health Nursing Reflection Just from $13,9/Page. Looking for a flexible role? A good example of her assessment came from the Crimean experience; lack of cleanliness, poor nutrition, lack of clean water, and inadequate sewage disposal methods resulted to outcomes in which the number of British soldiers that died in the hospital from infections, where disproportionately higher than the number that were killed in battle (Alligood,2010). Esthetic knowledge (the art) Ethical knowing (what constitutes good actions for that patient) Personal knowing (nurse-patient relationship) Explain which pattern(s) are more evident or easier to apply in Watson’s theory of human caring, citing specific examples to support your explanation. Aesthetics is necessary because it is because of this that the professionals have a wider consideration of experiences, situations and conditions in nursing. It is also called the art of nursing. How did you come to that discovery? In this period, the term "evidence-based practice" (EBP) first appeared,1 with the aim of defining best practice through empirical research and evidence.2,3 The assumption behind EBP is that it is possible to guide the decisions of nurses in patient care on the basis of empirical research and general evident knowledge expressed through clinical guidelines.2 According to Benner,4 the extent to which clinical an… According to Alligood (2010), Nightingale’s vision on heath maintenance is through disease prevention via environmental controls and social responsibility. Specifically, Dewey's Art as Experience will be examined in relation to the ‘holism’ of nursing, and an alternative position on pragmatic aesthetics in nursing will be offered. No plagiarism, guaranteed! In 1978, Carper identified ‘four fundamental patterns of knowing’ that became largely foundational to subsequent epistemological discourse within the nursing discipline. A preliminary reintegration of the four patterns of knowing will then be presented as will an example of a potential cultivation of aesthetics in nursing, through an example of Rodin's 19th century sculpture, the Burghers of Calais. In essence, aesthetics is the process of nursing that involves caring for our. This stems from her empirical observation that a poor or challenging environment resulted to poor health and disease and that a healthy environment was essential to nursing care. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. Company Registration No: 4964706. 11th Feb 2020 Nursing Essay Reference this Tags: nursing. These patterns of empirical, personal, aesthetic, and ethical knowing were presented as conceptually distinct yet related patterns of knowing. Nursing Care Aesthetic in Iran: A Phenomenological Study. ORDER NOW FOR AN ORIGINAL PAPER ASSIGNMENT: Discussion: Ways of Knowing in Nursing. 1206 words (5 pages) Nursing Essay. However, a major limitation of Carper's work on aesthetic knowing is the failure to provide an explicit conception of nursing to guide the search for patterns and structure of nursing knowledge, thus the limited development of the aesthetic pattern of knowing in nursing. Aesthetic knowledge comes from our understanding the look, feel, smell, taste, and sound of things. According Jackson (2009), emancipatory knowing is a combination of both a traditional social idea and a developing dimension of nursing knowledge (Chinn & Kramer, 2008). Esthetic Nursing Essay. All work is written to order. Her main perception is that the patient of nursing is a human being, although this perception expanded with the development of nurse visitors, who deal with the welfare of the family unit (Selanders, 2010). Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. They include empirical, personal, ethical, and aesthetic. VAT Registration No: 842417633. Personal Knowledge is the knowledge we contain from our personal experiences. This pattern is significantly important because it provide organizational level playing field for nurse leaders with a vision of the future in health care systems. (1978). The holism of aesthetic knowing in nursing. These patterns of empirical, personal, aesthetic, and ethical knowing were presented as conceptually distinct yet related patterns of knowing. See these sources as examples: Archibald, M. M. (2012). Nightingale realized the imminent impact of the environment on the patient and patient wellbeing thereby enhancing a symbiotic relationship between patient and environment (Selander, 2010). This article presents an expanded perspective of aesthetic knowing in nursing grounded in the theory of nursing as caring. DNP AND PhD NURSES 2. This pattern of knowing encompasses non-verbal expressions, therapeutic actions, unconditional presence, and empathy. The art of knowing in nursing theory, more formerly known as the “Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing,” describes four basic concepts, or patterns of knowledge, as they relate to their advanced application in clinical practice. According to Taylor & Renpenning (2010), theory informs practice and practice informs theory (Alligood, 2010)). Carper's Four Ways of Knowing and Scholarliness in Nursing Essay 1601 Words | 7 Pages. Traditionally, four patterns of nursing knowledge, or ways of knowing, have been used in the field of nursing. Esthetics as a means of knowing in nursing is part perception, part empathy, and part action. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! Ms Mandy Marie Archibald, Faculty of Nursing, Level 3, ECHA (Edmonton Clinic Health Academy), 11405‐87 Avenue, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 1C9. A different method of analysis is required to find evidence, understand each pattern and develop knowledge about each pattern. Aesthetic knowing is that aha moment that we have when we uncovered something new; and just as an artist creates a painting, you are afforded the opportunity of new perspective. Simply asking clients to describe what their illness means is not enough. Ways of Knowing Nursing is a very rewording profession which can blossom when incorporated into practice of Carper’s fundamental patterns of thinking. Ethical knowing, as one of four fundamental patterns and ways of knowing, relates to all nurses in all kinds of nursing practice wherein praxis is operationalized. The main aim of nursing is to assist the patient to attain the best possible condition for nature to act, and this can be accomplished via the modification of the environment in a manner that reinforce natural laws (Selanders,2010). Intersections of the arts and nursing knowledge. You, as the nurse, are left alone with Betty and her family. You can view samples of our professional work here. Carper’s work has prompted a rich literature extending, debating and challenging her ideas. For David Hume, delicacy of taste is not merely “the ability to detect all the ingredients in a composition”, but also our sensitivity “to pains as well as pleasures, which escape the rest of mankind. Betty has just been diagnosed with stage 4 inflammatory breast cancer. Reflection Essay Example Nursing. Working off-campus? According to Parker (2010), transpersonal caring theory afforded the opportunity in October 2002 for seventeen interdisciplinary health care personnel at a children hospital in Denver Colorado to part take in a trial study aimed at exploring what happens if caring theory is integrated into comprehensive pain management. Barbara Carper, a professor at the College of Nursing at Texas Woman's University, wrote an essay in 1978 titled the "Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing," that outlines four guidelines to help nurses meet patients' needs. Aesthetic knowing, as more recently described by Archibald (2012) comprises what has traditionally been called the art of nursing practice and adds the element of holistic awareness. It was Nightingale’s belief that the environment could be modified in such a way as to improve conditions so that the natural laws will provide suitable conditions for healing to take place. Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada . Nurses have also expanded on Carper’s original four ways of knowing to include experiential ways of knowing, intuition, sociopolitical learning, and even “unknowing,” a position of openness that “allows the nurse to be truly empathetic,” (Zander, n.d., p. 9). These include empirics, or the science of nursing, esthetics, or the art of nursing, personal knowledge, and ethics (McEwen & Wills, 2011). By applying this pattern of knowing in nursing, the nurse sees the patient as a person heading toward attainment of potential, rather than viewing the individual as an object (Jackson, 2009). Nightingale assert that nursing can take place in any setting in which people exist, and as a result she personally invested her time and effort to develop nurse midwifery, public health nursing, occupational, hospice nursing, as well as nursing in the acute care setting (Selanders, 2010). Barbara Carper, a professor at the College of Nursing at Texas Woman's University, wrote an essay in 1978 titled the "Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing," that outlines four guidelines to help nurses meet patients' needs. However, the nurse was given instructions to inquire about the patient’s choices, which reveals the belief that Nightingale viewed each patient as a human being. As the “art” in the practice of nursing, it involves paying attention to a patient’s health concerns and behaviors, along with scattered, relevant details and intangibles, and integrating them into a holistic understanding of the person and what she needs. Aesthetic knowing in nursing examples The Ulthera care is a nonsurgical procedure to convert skin back to the former young looking features. The theoretical journey has taken the discipline of nursing through various stages and milestones. Nursing discipline has evolved into an understanding of the relationships amongst theory, practice, and research; they are no longer separated into distinct categories. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. Carper, B. “Knowing is a cognitive process, and four patterns of knowing—empirical, ethical, personal, and aesthetic—characterize nursing” (Cipriano, 2007). The final way of knowing identified by Carper (1978) is AESTHETIC Knowing. More recently, Chin & Kramer (2008) added the fifth, emancipatory knowing (Jackson, 2009). The combination of creative knowledge of the nurse together with the maintenance of the patient is the aesthetic knowing. Contrary to other patterns, introducing and implementing the emancipatory way of thinking/knowing may require months or perhaps years. The four patterns that Carper’s method focus on are not isolated events and when used together the patient receives the best care. Respect for human dignity, right to self-determination, relationships with peers, accountability and responsibility for own actions, self-respect, influence of environment on nurses, advancement of the profession and assertion of values are all included in the code of nursing ethics (Jackson, 2009). Aesthetic knowing in nursing is that aspect of knowing that requires an understanding of deep meanings in a situation and that, on the basis of those meanings, calls forth the creative resources of the nurse that transform experience into what is not yet real but envisioned as possible. Discussion: Ways of Knowing in Nursing. Learn more. As stated in Alligood (2010), Nightingale’s theory focused on the environment. Arts and Mixed Methods Research: An Innovative Methodological Merger. The act of … Did you notice how these Professional Standards relate to Aesthetic concepts? Discourses and practices in institutionalised nursing in South Africa: Challenges for care, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-769X.2012.00542.x. Betty has just been diagnosed with stage 4 inflammatory breast cancer. It encompasses the other patterns of knowing and thereby creating a new understanding of given nursing phenomena. Transpersonal caring is a relationship between person to person. Because of this preference, I am suspicious of interventions that lack objective and measurable evidence. school' nursing and nursing education toward a more flexible paradigm. Aesthetics: The Art of Nursing The fundamental patterns of knowledge were first identified by Barbara Carper (1978), and included empirical, personal, ethical, and aesthetic knowing. Aesthetic knowledge is reflected as the art of nursing and the use of empathy. By combining these ways of knowing, a nurse develops clinical knowledge which guides nursing actions in different situations. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, The four main ways of knowing in nursing include personal knowing, empirical knowing, ethical knowing, and aesthetic knowing. How could you go to that disclosure? Personal knowing is difficult to master and to teach; it is a skill that is typically acquired through actual nursing experience. However, after learning Carper’s four fundamental patterns of knowing: empirical, personal, aesthetic, and ethical knowledge, now I understand that philosophies of various nursing theories are developed from both ontological and epistemological views. In order to be able to make this dramatic shift. Aesthetic knowing makes nursing an art. Aesthetic knowledge comes from our understanding the look, feel, smell, taste, and sound of things. Get Essay Maricopa is alreadyculturally diverse but the Native Americanpopulace is unique in some of their health challenges, especiallywith obesity. Carper Four Ways of Knowing and Different Types of Nursing Theories Danielle Berg, Hailey Hunter, Anh Nguyen, Michael Seeley & Christopher Wilson Maryville University Nursing Theory 600 Dr. Deitra Watson September 06, 2013 Carper Four Ways of Knowing and Different Types of Nursing Theories It … Ethical knowing guides and direct nurses in doing what’s right, doing what’s ask of them, and what a prudent nurse should or most under any circumstances. Esthetics: Carper (1978), defines the esthetic knowing as the art of nursing. Carper’s ways of knowing identifies four different patterns of knowledge, which are analyzed in this case within their syntactical and conceptual frameworks. Her theory has profoundly impacted the nursing profession by introducing a new way of thinking as relate to patient care. 1368 Words 6 Pages. Also, there is personal knowing and this represents knowledge that focuses on self-consciousness, personal awareness and empathy. In order to provide an alternative conceptualization of aesthetics in nursing, the main tenants of Carper's discussion of aesthetic knowing will be revisited, and the foundations for her arguments will be examined. The third type of knowing is labelled aesthetic knowing. The doctor has just recently explained the prognosis and left. Did you notice how these Professional Standards relate to Aesthetic concepts? and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. And ethical knowledge is described as the ethical codes of nursing; what is our matter of obligation. This is because aesthetic knowing is frequently used as the basis for discussing the artful and skilful practice of nursing. Further, the use of aesthetics in nursing practice begins during the educative process. A. White (2009) has added sociopolitical knowing as a fifth pattern. According to World Health Organization (2012), the world’s population of people 60 years of age and older is expected to reach 2 billion by 2050. Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ ARTIC-35 Measure. Hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties … Purpose: aesthetic projects a. Represented the complex phenomenon of knowing encompasses non-verbal expressions, therapeutic actions, unconditional presence and. Prognosis and left ( Jackson, 2009 ) suspicious of interventions that objective... This article with your friends and colleagues in order to be able to this! Can view samples of our professional work here aesthetic projects are a form of used. The clinical and education arenas, is primarily driven by empirical ways of knowing in practice. And Wales or ways of knowing is a cognitive process, and sound of things nursing! Undergraduate nursing students: findings from a constructivist grounded theory study the third of... 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